Who's At Risk?
Syringomas usually occur after puberty. Syringomas can develop in people of any race / ethnicity and sex, but females are more commonly affected.
Syringomas sometimes run in families. Up to 18% of people with Down syndrome have syringomas. People with diabetes are more likely to have a type known as clear cell syringoma.
A less common type of syringoma called eruptive syringoma is more commonly seen in people with darker skin colors.
Signs & Symptoms
The most common locations for syringomas include the:
- Lower eyelids.
- Upper cheeks.
- Genitalia (penis or vulva).
Syringomas typically appear as multiple small (1-3 mm), firm, skin-colored, yellowish, brown, or pink papules (small, solid bumps). They usually occur in clusters symmetrically on both sides of the body.
Eruptive syringomas may be tiny (usually 1-2 mm) and appear as multiple papules that all develop at the same time, usually on the chest and abdomen.
Syringomas do not itch or cause pain.
No self-care is needed for syringomas.
If the diagnosis is uncertain, your medical professional may want to perform a skin biopsy.
If diagnosed with syringomas, no treatment is necessary because they are harmless and there is no risk of syringomas becoming malignant. However, there are options to remove them if they are cosmetically bothersome. Note, however, there is the potential risk of scarring.
Removal of syringomas may include:
- Cutting out (excision) with a scalpel, scissors, or flexible razor blade.
- Burning with an electric needle (electrodessication).
- Laser treatment.
- Freezing (cryosurgery) with liquid nitrogen.
See a dermatologist or another medical professional if any new growth develops on your skin.
Bolognia J, Schaffer JV, Cerroni L. Dermatology. 4th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2018.
James WD, Elston D, Treat JR, Rosenbach MA. Andrew’s Diseases of the Skin. 13th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2019.
Kang S, Amagai M, Bruckner AL, et al. Fitzpatrick’s Dermatology. 9th ed. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill Education; 2019.
Last modified on October 31st, 2023 at 12:59 pm
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