Images of Mole, Atypical (Atypical Nevus) (8)
Mole, Atypical (Atypical Nevus)
Nevus is the medical name for a mole. Moles (nevi) in which the skin cells are growing unusually are called atypical, or dysplastic, nevi. These moles are noncancerous (benign), despite their unusual appearance. All moles are made up of collections of the pigment-producing cells of the skin; they may be flat, raised, skin-colored, and pinker or darker than the surrounding skin. Atypical moles may have one or more of the ABCD criteria of the ABCDEs that are also seen in skin cancer (melanoma), even though they are not cancerous:
- A – Asymmetry: One half of the lesion does not mirror the other half.
- B – Border: The borders are irregular or vague (indistinct).
- C – Color: More than one color may be noted within the mole.
- D – Diameter: Size greater than 6 mm (roughly the size of a pencil eraser) may be concerning.
- E – Evolving: Notable changes in the lesion over time are suspicious signs for skin cancer.
Who's At Risk?
- Atypical moles may occur in any age, race / ethnicity, or sex.
- Atypical moles frequently run in families.
- Moles are more common and are also more noticeable in individuals with lighter skin colors. Those with a family history and those with a lot of sun or tanning bed exposure are at increased risk of developing atypical moles.
- People with atypical moles may have a family history of melanoma.
Signs & Symptoms
- Atypical moles can appear anywhere on the skin. The lesions can vary in size and color.
- They can be larger than a pencil eraser (6 mm) and may have variations in color within the lesion, ranging from pink to reddish-brown to dark brown.
- Atypical moles may be darker brown in the center or on the edges (periphery).
- People with atypical nevus syndrome may have hundreds of moles of varying sizes and colors.
- If you suspect you have an atypical mole, you should visit your dermatologist’s office to ensure it is not a melanoma.
- Protective measures, such as avoiding skin exposure to sunlight during peak sun hours (10 AM to 3 PM), wearing protective clothing, and applying high sun protection factor (SPF) sunscreen, are essential for reducing exposure to harmful ultraviolet (UV) light.
- Monthly self-examination of the skin is helpful to detect new lesions or changes in existing lesions.
Your medical provider may recommend that you have a biopsy or surgical removal (excision) of unusual-appearing moles to find out whether you have atypical moles or melanoma.
People with multiple moles and atypical moles should be followed regularly by a dermatologist, who may use whole-body photography or photographs of individual moles to identify changes in the moles over time, which helps to guide which moles should be biopsied.
- The occurrence of a new mole (pigmented nevus) in an adult is unusual; if a new pigmented lesion occurs, see your medical provider for evaluation.
- Seek medical evaluation for any mole with any of the ABCDE criteria to ensure it is not cancerous.
- People with multiple moles and unusual (atypical) moles should be examined at a dermatologist’s office every 4-12 months depending on their personal history and family history.
Bolognia J, Schaffer JV, Cerroni L. Dermatology. 4th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2018.
James WD, Elston D, Treat JR, Rosenbach MA. Andrew’s Diseases of the Skin. 13th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2019.
Kang S, Amagai M, Bruckner AL, et al. Fitzpatrick’s Dermatology. 9th ed. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill Education; 2019.
Paller A, Mancini A. Paller and Mancini: Hurwitz Clinical Pediatric Dermatology. 6th ed. St. Louis, MO: Elsevier; 2022.
Last modified on May 23rd, 2023 at 4:22 pm
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